Forex Brokers and Regulatory Info for Euro Residents

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Brokers for European Residents

IMPORTANT: European residents are encouraged to understand their home country's specific broker and regulatory landscape as there are many factors that will affect trading conditions and funds safety.

Europe has multiple layers of regulatory bodies working together; At the top, Europe-wide, there's strong consumer protections and strict product rules set by the ESMA and industry laws passed such as MiFID. Then locally, countries have local authority on regulating the operations and capital requirements of brokers in their region. This leads the following hierarchy of regulatory authority from the top down:

Pan Europe Regulations

ESMA - European Securities and Market Authority. The ESMA sets European-wide rules on trading that affect any regulated broker operation within Europe who deal to European residents. The main impact on Forex traders are the following ESMA set rules for European accounts:

Retail account leverage set as follows:

  • 30:1 for major currency pairs
  • 20:1 for non-major currency pairs, gold and major equity indices
  • 10:1 for commodities other than gold (platinum, silver, etc) and non-major equity indices
  • 5:1 for individual equities (stock CFDs)
  • 2:1 for Cryptocurrencies (crypto CFDs)

Note: Margin closeout is set at a 50% initial margin rate. That means if you are required to post $100 of initial margin to control a position, once your account equity drops below $50, the position will be liquidated.

  • Retail negative balance protection. This means you can only lose what you deposit/invest with the broker and not be held responsible for losses caused by your account beyond this amount. In the event of a shock market move (think black swan type events, unexpected events that cause the market to gap well beyond what anyone has seen before or would reasonably expect,) you would not be liable for losses caused by your positions that are greater than the capital you've invested. Any trader with 10+ years experience following the markets will tell you these events do happen and some are large enough to bankrupt brokers who had too much client exposure at the time.
  • Requirement for retail funds to be held in segregated bank accounts. A segregated bank account means the funds stay separate from the broker's operational accounts and comingling of funds cannot take place. This helps prevent misappropriation of funds by the broker (say, to cover operational expenses, or just outright fraud,) or the loss of funds if pooled with other accounts that suffer losses greater than their deposits. This might seem like a desired custodial and banking setup for client assets at any broker, but we still see unregulated brokers do this by mixing all funds together and dipping into client funds for short term operational expenses (which as you can imagine is quite risky for the broker to do as they would not have enough funds to cover client withdrawals if too many clients pulled out at once.)
  • Requirement for brokers to post high level stats on client account profitability at their brokerage. Usually done in the footer or risk disclaimer and presented as a percentage of accounts that are net profitable in a given time period.

The above protections mirror changes the FCA made for United Kingdom residents, and many major regulatory bodies around the world are shifting to similar rules. It's been generally accepted that such changes have helped curb client losses.

IMPORTANT: A non-retail, "professional", account option is available with some European brokers that open up far more leverage but do away with the client account protection features listed above. More info in a later section will be provided.

Country Specific Regulations

Drilling further down from ESMA and Euro-wide rules, local regulatory bodies (on the country level) have their own rules for how forex brokers can operate. In some cases, a country's regulatory body can also offer additional consumer protections, or dispute resolution services to their residents. The main concern of a local regulator is to make sure the broker's operations and company management is in compliance with their standards, so a lot of the differences are behind the scenes and might not be noticeable to a retail client.

Where a broker chooses to operate and where they get a regulatory license is also telling of the broker's strength and size. For example, it's a lot cheaper and easier for a broker to setup operations in Cyprus under CySEC, than say Germany under BaFin, so many new or smaller brokers will attract business in Europe through their Cyprus entity and thus will have much less capital requirements or operational / regulatory overhead to deal with vs other European jurisdictions. The balance between providing a stable trading and financial industry, and attracting businesses through competitive operational rules, is the challenge for local regulators in Europe.

IMPORTANT: Given the above paragraph, this indirectly highlights brokers who strive to be regulated in multiple countries within Europe to better serve European residents as a whole. This not only shows the broker's commitment to doing right by regulators, but by their clients, and speaks highly of the broker's stability and where their interests are in line with their clients. We will highlight one excellent example of such a broker in a later section of this page.

There are nearly as many country level regulatory bodies as there are countries in the European Union, so we won't be listing them all here, but the most popular regions by client numbers and brokers present are below with any relevant nots:

  • Germany - BaFin - Germany's BaFin is often considered to have some of the strictest requirements for brokers when seeking to obtain a brokerage license in Europe. Seeing a broker who's regulated by BaFin is a good sign the broker is well established, properly staffed, follows proper compliant and regulatory rules, and is very well capitalized. BaFin also provides a client insurance fund for up to 90% of your deposit, or 20,000 EUR, whichever is less.
  • Cyprus - CySEC - Once known for very loose regulation and laughably low capital requirements to start a forex brokerage, CySEC has come a long way and in the past half decade they have cleaned up their local forex industry. Broker capital requirements to maintain their regulatory licenses were raised significantly (though, they are still one of the cheaper and easier regions in Europe to start a brokerage,) enforcement actions and fines were raised, and active enforcement / audits now take place. Many shady brokers previously operating out of Cyprus have left thanks to CySEC's enforcement and new rules, which has greatly helped repair Cyprus' reputation as a financial center on the world stage. That said, many other regulatory bodies in Europe do not have such a negative history, and both politically and geographically speaking there are more stable countries to deal with.

(This section will be expanded soon with more local regulator info, specifically around France as they shift their rules around CFDs.)

High Leverage Options for European Residents

There are two main paths for getting higher than ESMA set retail leverage as a European client:

Local European Brokers (Locally Regulated)

Pepperstone EU

Pepperstone was founded in 2010 and quickly grew to become one of the largest forex brokers in the world thanks to excellent execution quality and great customer service. Pepperstone is well regulated and has a history of doing right by their clients. The team behind Volatility.RED has extensive experience working with Pepperstone as clients feels strongly that Pepperstone will serve as an excellent broker choice for retail and institutional clients of all sizes. Pepperstone has some of the best execution quality in the industry.

  • Regulation: Regulated by multiple European countries, such as Germany's BiFin and CySEC out of Cyprus, as well as having a presence in the UK under FCA regulation. Pepperstone also has some of the best global regulatory coverage in the industry, with entities regulated outside of Europe by the ASIC, FCA, SCB, DFSA, and CMA. Few brokers even come close to this level of global presence...)
  • Pricing: Competitive spreads of 0-0.2 on Razor ECN account, and average spreads of 1.1 pips on Standard account
  • Leverage: As set by the ESMA as listed above
  • Account Minimums: $200 USD or EURO for all account types
  • Products: Forex, CFDs on Equity Indicies, US Dollar Index, Commodities, Crypto, and US Shares
  • Platforms: MetaTrader 4, MetaTrader 5, cTrader
    • cTrader also comes with cAlgo, a C# based algotrading platform for automated trading. cTrader in general is a great alternative to MetaTrader and a real competitive advantage for Pepperstone AU
  • Notes:
    • Islamic account types (swap/interest free) available
    • NEW - Clients seeking higher than ESMA leverage can apply for PepperstonePro, Pepperstone's EU Professional Trader Status account type. Conditions apply and you must be able to prove experience and/or net worth to qualify

Brokers Regulated or Registered Outside of Europe and Take European Residents


VantageFX / Vantage Group was founded in 2009 by a team who strives to earn their client's trust. Vantage offers common MetaTrader platforms, but recently released their own unique mobile app that stands apart from what you find with MetaTrader Mobile. This sets them apart from other Aussie options if you're a mobile only user and want something different.

Note: To anyone who used vantage from ~10 years ago, their offering has changed significantly and has become quite competitive in recent years. The major changes include a much faster execution time than their previous infrastructure provided. If you used them 8-10 years ago and felt they weren't great, they are worth revisiting again.

  • Regulation: For Aussie residents, VantageFX is regulated in Australia by the ASIC. Vantage Group has other entities that service residents of other countries that may fall under different regulatory bodies.
  • Pricing: Competitive spreads of 0-0.2 on their RAW ECN account, and average spreads of 1.3 pips on Standard STP account
  • Leverage: Up to 500:1
  • Account Minimums: $200 USD or EUR for all account types
  • Products: Forex, CFDs on Equity Indicies, US Dollar Index, Commodities, Crypto, and US Shares
  • Platforms: MetaTrader 4, MetaTrader 5, Vantage Mobile APP
  • Notes:

BlackBull Markets

Blackbull was founded in 2014 and is one of the faster growing fintech companies in New Zealand. Fully FMA regulated in New Zealand as well as registered with the FSPR and 3rd party for dispute resolution organizations.

  • Registration: Regulated in New Zealand by the FMA, and registered as a financial service company with the Financial Services Provider Registry (FSPR)
  • Pricing: Decent spreads of ~0.1-0.3 on EUR/USD (plus commissions) and comparable spreads to most competitive Aussie brokers on their ECN Prime account, and spreads starting from 0.8 pips on their ECN Standard account without commissions
  • Leverage: - Up to 500:1
  • Account Minimums: $200 USD or EUR for all account types
  • Products: Forex, CFDs on Equity Indicies, Oil, Nat Gas, Gold, and Silver
  • Platforms: MetaTrader 4, MetaTrader 5, and MetaTrader's respective mobile and web apps
  • Notes:
    • Islamic account types (swap/interest free) available
    • Mainland Europe Client Deposit Methods Accepted: International / SWFIT based Wire transfer, Credit and/or Debit Card (Visa/ Master card), China Union Pay, Skrill, and Neteller